General Studies

GRADE 9

grade9_english

AVAILABLE COURSES AND THEIR PREREQUISITES

ARTS

AVI1O Visual Arts – Open 0.5 Credit

This course is exploratory in nature, offering an overview of visual arts as a foundation for further study. Students will become familiar with the elements and principles of design and the expressive qualities of various materials by using a range of media, processes, techniques, and styles. Students will use the creative and critical analysis processes and will interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CGC1D Geography of Canada – Academic 1 Credit
This course examines interrelationships within and between Canada’s natural and human systems and how these systems interconnect with those in other parts of the world. Students will explore environmental, economic, and social geographic issues relating to topics such as transportation options, energy choices, and urban development. Students will apply the concepts of geographic thinking and the geographic inquiry process, including spatial technologies, to investigate various geographic issues and to develop possible approaches for making Canada a more sustainable place in which to live.
 
CGC1P Geography of Canada – Applied 1 Credit

This course focuses on current geographic issues that affect Canadians. Students will draw on their personal and everyday experiences as they explore issues relating to food and water supplies, competing land uses, interactions with the natural environment, and other topics relevant to sustainable living in Canada. They will also develop an awareness that issues that affect their lives in Canada are interconnected with issues in other parts of the world. Throughout the course, students will use the concepts of geographic thinking, the geographic inquiry process, and spatial technologies to guide and support their investigations.

ENGLISH

ENG1D English – Academic 1 Credit

This course is designed to develop the oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills that students need for success in their secondary school academic programs and in their daily lives. Students will analyse literary texts from contemporary and historical periods, interpret informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms.An important focus will be on the use of strategies that contribute to effective communication. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 academic English course, which leads to university or college preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.
 
ENG1P English – Applied 1 Credit

This course is designed to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life.Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’ comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college or workplace preparation courses Grades 11 and 12.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYIAD Hebrew Language – Level 1 1 Credit Academic

This course introduces students to language elements they will need to begin to communicate with native speakers. Students will participate in practical activities in which they can apply their knowledge and skills, and will begin to explore careers that require knowledge of the language of study. They will explore aspects of the culture of countries where the language under study is spoken, including social customs, music, and food, by participating in cultural events and activities involving both print and technological resources.

MATHEMATICS

MPM1D Principles of Mathematics 1 Credit

Academic

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to algebra, analytic geometry, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will investigate relationships, which they will then generalize as equations of lines, and will determine the connections between different representations of a linear relation. They will also explore relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.
 
MFM1P Foundation of Mathematics 1 Credit

Applied

This course enables students to develop an understanding of mathematical concepts related to introductory algebra, proportional reasoning, and measurement and geometry through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will investigate real-life examples to develop various representations of linear relations, and will determine the connections between the representations. They will also explore certain relationships that emerge from the measurement of three-dimensional figures and two-dimensional shapes. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.
 
MAT1L Essential Mathematics 1 Credit

Locally Developed

This course provides students who have experienced significant difficulties in previous Mathematics courses an opportunity to obtain sufficient background skill development to prepare them for Grade 11 and 12 Workplace Preparation courses. Whenever possible, ideas will be presented in a real-life context, providing students with the opportunity to explore, organize, interpret, and use mathematical models to solve problems. Technology and manipulative materials will be used wherever appropriate. Assessment and evaluation will be done using a wide variety of strategies.

FRENCH

FSF1D Core French – Academic 1 Credit

This course emphasizes the further development of oral communication, reading, and writing skills. Students will build on and apply their knowledge of French while exploring a variety of themes, such as relationships, social trends, and careers. Thematic readings, which include a selection of short stories, articles, and poems, will serve as stepping stones to oral and written activities.

GUIDANCE & CAREER EDUCATION

GLS1O Learning Strategies I – Open 1 Credit

This course focuses on learning strategies to help students become better, more independent learners. Students will learn how to develop and apply literacy and numeracy skills, personal-management skills, and interpersonal and teamwork skills to improve their learning and achievement in school, the workplace, and the community. The course helps students build confidence and motivation to pursue opportunities for success in secondary school and beyond.

HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL1O Healthy Active Living Education – 0.5 Credit

Open

This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Students will learn movement skills and principles, ways to improve personal fitness and physical competence, and safety and injury prevention. They will investigate issues related to health and the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs, and will participate in activities designed to develop goal-setting, communication, and social skills.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE13 Religious Studies – 1 Credit Locally Developed

This course provides an appreciation of Jewish thought and practice. The students must possess the ability to access texts in their original Hebrew language. They need to develop the necessary skills for understanding of these materials in terms of the present views of Jewish teachings as well as their literary niceties. The objective is to engender a deeper understanding of Judaism, and through it, an attachment of the student to their heritage. Religious study is basic to implementing the school’s mission statement, which is dedicated to “the transmission of Jewish religious and cultural tradition and an appreciation of them.” This course includes the study of issues in Judaism and Jewish philosophy, Biblical studies, and Jewish laws of Prayer and Blessings.

SCIENCE

SNC1D Science -Academic 1 Credit

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to relate science to technology, society, and the environment. Throughout the course, students will develop their skills in the processes of scientific investigation. Students will acquire an understanding of scientific theories and conduct investigations related to sustainable ecosystems; atomic and molecular structures and the properties of elements and compounds; the study of the universe and its properties and components; and the principles of electricity.
 
SNC1P Science -Applied 1 Credit

This course enables students to develop their understanding of basic concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science to everyday situations. They are also given opportunities to develop practical skills related to scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into practical problems and issues related to the impact of human activity on ecosystems; the structure and properties of elements and compounds; space exploration and the components of the universe; and static and current electricity.

GRADE 10

grade10_general

AVAILABLE COURSES AND THEIR PREREQUISITES

ARTS

AVI2O Visual Arts – Open 0.5 Credit

This course enables students to develop their skills in producing and presenting art by introducing them to new ideas, materials, and processes for artistic exploration and experimentation. Students will apply the elements and principles of design when exploring the creative process. Students will use the critical analysis process to reflect on and interpret art within a personal, contemporary, and historical context.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BTT2O Introduction to Information 1 Credit

Technology in Business – Open

This course introduces students to information and communication technology in a business environment and builds a foundation of digital literacy skills necessary for success in a technologically driven society. Students will develop word processing, spreadsheet, database, desktop publishing, presentation software, and website design skills. Throughout the course, there is an emphasis on digital literacy, effective electronic research and communication skills, and current issues related to the impact of information and communication technology.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CHV2O Civics – Open 0.5 Credit

This course focuses on the major events and issues in world history from 1900 to the present. Students will investigate the causes and effects of global and regional conflicts and the response of individuals and governments to social, economic, and political changes. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to formulate and test points of view, draw conclusions, and present their findings about the challenges that have faced and continue to face people in various parts of the world.

GUIDANCE AND CAREER EDUCATION

GLC2O Career Studies – Open 0.5 Credit

This course teaches students how to develop and achieve personal goals for future learning, work, and community involvement. Students will assess their interests, skills, and characteristics and investigate current economic and workplace trends, work opportunities, and ways to search for work. The course explores postsecondary learning and career options, prepares students for managing work and life transitions, and helps students focus on their goals through the development of a career plan.

HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL2O Healthy Active Living 0.5 Credit

Education – Open

This course emphasizes regular participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that promote lifelong healthy active living. Student learning will include the application of movement principles to refine skills; participation in a variety of activities that enhance personal competence, fitness, and health; examination of issues related to health, healthy eating, substance use and abuse; and the use of informed decision-making, conflict resolution, and social skills in making personal choices.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYIBD Hebrew Language – Level 2 1 Credit Academic

Prerequisite: LYIAD, Hebrew Language, Grade 9, Level I, Academic

This course provides students with opportunities to further develop their oral communication skills in the language of study, increase their confidence in using the language in practical situations, and continue to investigate related career opportunities. Students will be involved in activities that promote the use of the language in real-life situations. They will also continue their exploration of the culture of countries where the language under study is spoken.

Although students will continue to expand their vocabulary and repertoire of language structures, the language they will use at this level will still be simple.

SCIENCE

SNC2D Academic 1 Credit

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to enhance their understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and of the interrelationships between science, technology, society, and the environment. Students are also given opportunities to further develop their scientific investigation skills. Students will plan and conduct investigations and develop their understanding of scientific theories related to the connections between cells and systems in animals and plants; chemical reactions, with a particular focus on acid-base reactions; forces that affect climate and climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.
 
SNC2P Academic 1 Credit

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to develop a deeper understanding of concepts in biology, chemistry, earth and space science, and physics, and to apply their knowledge of science in real-world situations. Students are given opportunities to develop further practical skills in scientific investigation. Students will plan and conduct investigations into everyday problems and issues related to human cells and body systems; chemical reactions; factors affecting climate change; and the interaction of light and matter.

CANADIAN AND WORLD STUDIES

CHC2D Canadian History since World War I 1 Credit

Academic

This course explores social, economic, and political developments and events and their impact on the lives of different groups in Canada since 1914. Students will examine the role of conflict and cooperation in Canadian society, Canada’s evolving role within the global community, and the impact of various individuals, organizations, and events on Canadian identity, citizenship, and heritage. They will develop their ability to apply the concepts of historical thinking and the historical inquiry process, including the interpretation and analysis of evidence, when investigating key issues and events in Canadian history since 1914.

ENGLISH

ENG2D English – Academic 1 Credit

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course is designed to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’ comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college, or workplace preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.
 
ENG2P English – Applied 1 Credit

Prerequisite: English, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course is designed to develop the key oral communication, reading, writing, and media literacy skills students need for success in secondary school and daily life. Students will read, interpret, and create a variety of informational, literary, and graphic texts. An important focus will be on identifying and using appropriate strategies and processes to improve students’ comprehension of texts and to help them communicate clearly and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the Grade 10 applied English course, which leads to college, or workplace preparation courses in Grades 11 and 12.

MATHEMATICS

MFM2P Foundations of Mathematics 1 Credit

Applied

Prerequisite: Grade 9, Mathematics, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to consolidate their understanding of linear relations and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and hands-on activities. Students will develop and graph equations in analytic geometry; solve and apply linear systems, using real-life examples; and explore and interpret graphs of quadratic relations. Students will investigate similar triangles, the trigonometry of right triangles, and the measurement of three-dimensional figures. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.
 
MPM2D Principles of Mathematics 1 Credit

Academic

Prerequisite: Mathematics, Grade 9, Academic or Applied

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of relationships and extend their problem-solving and algebraic skills through investigation, the effective use of technology, and abstract reasoning. Students will explore quadratic relations and their applications; solve and apply linear systems; verify properties of geometric figures using analytic geometry; and investigate the trigonometry of right and acute triangles. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE23 Religious Studies – Locally Developed 1 Credit

This course provides an extensive appreciation of Jewish theology and religious laws. The students have gained access to texts in their original Hebrew language and have developed rudimentary literary skills. The objective in Grade 10 is to further their understanding or Judaism through extensive study of their heritage. ` Religious study is basic to implementing the school’s mission statement, which is dedicated to “the transmission of Jewish religious and cultural tradition and an appreciation of them.” In this grade students are given more sophisticated tools of grammar, medieval philosophic works and intensive training in Jewish biblical analysis. This course includes the study of issues in Judaism and Jewish Philosophy, advanced biblical studies, and Jewish laws of food and Kashrus.

GRADE 11

grade11_general

AVAILABLE COURSES AND THEIR PREREQUISITES

ARTS

AVI3M Visual Arts 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

Prerequisite: Visual Arts, Grade 9 or 10

This course enables students to further develop their knowledge and skills in visual arts. Students will use the creative process to explore a wide range of themes through studio work that may include drawing, painting, sculpting, and printmaking, as well as the creation of collage, multimedia works, and works using emerging technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process when evaluating their own work and the work of others. The course may be delivered as a comprehensive program or through a program focused on a particular art form (e.g., photography, video, computer graphics, information design).

MATHEMATICS

MBF3C Foundations for College Mathematics1Credit
College Preparation
Prerequisite: Foundations of Mathematics, Grade 10, Applied

This course enables students to broaden their understanding of mathematics as a problem-solving tool in the real world. Students will extend their understanding of quadratic relations; investigate situations involving exponential growth; solve problems involving compound interest; solve financial problems connected with vehicle ownership; develop their ability to reason by collecting, analysing, and evaluating data involving one variable; connect probability and statistics; and solve problems in geometry and trigonometry. Students will consolidate their mathematical skills as they solve problems and communicate their thinking.
 
MCR3U Functions 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics,Grade10, Academic

This course introduces the mathematical concept of the function by extending students’ experiences with linear and quadratic relations. Students will investigate properties of discrete and continuous functions, including trigonometric and exponential functions; represent functions numerically, algebraically, and graphically; solve problems involving applications of functions; investigate inverse functions; and develop facility in determining equivalent algebraic expressions. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.
 
MCF3M Functions and Applications 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Principles of Mathematics, Grade 10, Academic

This course introduces basic features of the function by extending students’ experiences with quadratic relations. it focuses on quadratic, trigonometric, and exponential functions and their use in modelling real-world situations. Students will represent functions numerically, graphically, and algebraically; simplify expressions; solve equations; and solve problems relating to applications. Students will reason mathematically and communicate their thinking as they solve multi-step problems.

SCIENCE

SBI3U Biology 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course furthers students’ understanding of the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biodiversity; evolution; genetic processes; the structure and function of animals; and the anatomy, growth, and function of plants. The course focuses on the theoretical aspects of the topics under study, and helps students refine skills related to scientific investigation.
 
SBI3C Biology 1 Credit

A College Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course focuses on the processes that occur in biological systems. Students will learn concepts and theories as they conduct investigations in the areas of cellular biology, microbiology, genetics, the anatomy of mammals, and the structure of plants and their role in the natural environment. Emphasis will be placed on the practical application of concepts, and on the skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
 
SCH3U Chemistry 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behavior of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.
 
SPH3U Physics 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Science, Grade 10, Academic

This course develops students’ understanding of the basic concepts of physics. Students will explore kinematics, with an emphasis on linear motion; different kinds of forces; energy transformations; the properties of mechanical waves and sound; and electricity and magnetism. They will enhance their scientific investigation skills as they test laws of physics. In addition, they will analyse the interrelationships between physics and technology, and consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

ENGLISH

ENG3U English University Preparation 1 Credit

Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic

This course emphasizes the development of literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures, as well as a range of informational and graphic texts, and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using language with precision and clarity and incorporating stylistic devices appropriately and effectively. The course is intended to prepare students for the compulsory Grade 12 university or college preparation course.
 
EPS30 Presentation and Speaking Skills 1 Credit
Prerequisite: English, Grade 10, Academic or Applied

This course emphasizes the knowledge and skills required to plan and make effective presentations and to speak effectively in both formal and informal contexts, using such forms as reports, speeches, debates, panel discussions, storytelling, recitations, interviews, and multimedia presentations. Students will research and analyse the content and characteristics of convincing speeches and the techniques of effective speakers; design and rehearse presentations for a variety of purposes and audiences; select and use visual and technological aids to enhance their message; and assess the effectiveness of their own and others’ presentations.

HEALTH AN PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL3O Healthy Active Living Education 0.5 Credit

Open

This course focuses on the development of a healthy lifestyle and participation in a variety of enjoyable physical activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will be encouraged to develop personal competence in a variety of movement skills and will be given opportunities to practise goal-setting, decision-making, social, and interpersonal skills. Students will also study the components of healthy relationships, mental health, and personal safety.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BTA30 Information and Communication Technology:

Prerequisite: None

The Digital Environment 1Credit

This course prepares students for the digital environment. Using a hands-on approach, students will further develop information and communication technology skills through the use of common business software applications. The concept and operation of e-business will be explored, and students will design and create an e-business website. The skills developed in this course will prepare students for success in the workplace and/or postsecondary studies.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYICU Hebrew Language – Level 3 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: LYIBD, Grade 10, Level II, Academic

This course offers students opportunities to further develop their knowledge of the international language and to enhance their communication skills. Students will use increasingly sophisticated language in a variety of activities that will enable them to speak and write with clarity and accuracy. Students will also enhance their thinking skills through the critical study of literature, and continue to explore aspects of the culture of countries where the language is spoken through a variety of print and technological resources.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE33 Religious Studies 1 Credit

Locally Developed

This course provides a deeper understanding of Judaism, and through it, an attachment of the student to their heritage through a thorough study of biblical analysis, legal codes and rituals, historical inquiry, philosophical appreciation and ethical studies. This course will teach students to appreciate and partake in the history, culture, rituals and traditions of Jewish life. Religious study is basic to implementing the school’s mission statement, which is dedicated to “the transmission of Jewish religious and cultural tradition and an appreciation of them.” This course includes the study of Judaism and Jewish philosophy, advanced Biblical studies, Jewish laws of food and Kashrus, and the introduction to Jewish History.

SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES

HHG4M Issues in Human Growth & Dev. 1 Credit

University/ College Preparation

Prerequisite: Any university, university/college, or college preparation course in social sciences and humanities, English, or Canadian and World Sciences.

This course offers a multidisciplinary approach to the study of human development throughout the lifespan. Students will learn about a range of theoretical perspectives on human development. They will examine threats to healthy development as well as protective factors that promote resilience. Students will learn about physical, cognitive, and social-emotional development from the prenatal period through old age and will develop their research and inquiry skills by investigating issues related to human development.

GRADE 12

grade12_general

AVAILABLE COURSES AND THEIR PREREQUISITES

ARTS

AVI4M Visual Arts 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

This course focuses on enabling students to refine their use of the creative process when creating and presenting two- and three-dimensional art works using a variety of traditional and emerging media and technologies. Students will use the critical analysis process to deconstruct art works and explore connections between art and society. The studio program enables students to explore a range of materials, processes, and techniques that can be applied in their own art production. Students will also make connections between various works of art in personal, contemporary, historical, and cultural contexts.

CANADIAN & WORLD STUDIES

CLN4U Canadian and International Law 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Any University or University/College Preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Science and Humanities.

This course focuses on the major events and issues in world history from 1900 to the present. Students will investigate the causes and effects of global and regional conflicts and the responses of individuals and governments to social, economic, and political changes. Students will use critical-thinking and communication skills to formulate and test points of view, draw conclusions, and present their findings about the challenges that have faced and continue to face people in various parts of the world.

ENGLISH

ENG4U English 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes the consolidation of the literacy, communication, and critical and creative thinking skills necessary for success in academic and daily life. Students will analyze a range of challenging literary texts from various periods, countries, and cultures; interpret and evaluate informational and graphic texts; and create oral, written, and media texts in a variety of forms. An important focus will be on using academic language coherently and confidently, selecting the reading strategies best suited to particular texts and particular purposes for reading, and developing greater control in writing. The course is intended to prepare students for university, college, or the workplace.
 
EWC4U The Writer’s Craft 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: English, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course emphasizes knowledge and skills related to the craft of writing. Students will analyze models of effective writing; use a workshop approach to produce a range of works; identify and use techniques required for specialized forms of writing; and identify effective ways to improve the quality of their writing. They will also complete a major paper as part of a creative or analytical independent study project and investigate opportunities for publication and for writing careers.

HEALTH & PHYSICAL EDUCATION

PPL4O Healthy Active Living Education 0.5 Credit

Open

This course focuses on the development of a personalized approach to healthy active living through participation in a variety of sports and recreational activities that have the potential to engage students’ interest throughout their lives. Students will develop and implement personal physical fitness plans. In addition, they will be given opportunities to refine their decision-making, conflict-resolution, and interpersonal skills, with a view to enhancing their mental health and their relationships with others.

INTERNATIONAL LANGUAGES

LYIDU Hebrew Language Level 4 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: LYICU, Hebrew Language, Level III, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course prepares students for university studies in the international language. Students will enhance their ability to use the language with clarity and precision, and will develop the language skills needed to engage in sustained conversations and discussions, understand and evaluate information, read diverse materials for both study and pleasure, and write clearly and effectively. Students will also have opportunities to add to their knowledge of the culture of countries where the language is spoken through the use of community resources and computer technology.

MATHEMATICS

MHF4U Advanced Functions 1 Credit University Preparation

Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11 University Preparation, or Functions Grade 11, University/college Preparation

This course extends students’ experience with functions. Students will investigate the properties of polynomial, rational, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; develop techniques for combining functions; broaden their understanding of rates of change; and develop facility in applying these concepts and skills. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended both for students taking the Calculus and Vectors course as a prerequisite for a university program and for those wishing to consolidate their understanding of mathematics before proceeding to any one of a variety of university programs.
 
MCV4U Calculus & Vectors 1 Credit University Preparation

Prerequisite: Functions and Relations, Grade 11 University Preparation, or Functions Grade 11, University/college Preparation

This course builds on students’ previous experience with functions and their developing understanding of rates of change. Students will solve problems involving geometric and algebraic representations of vectors and representations of lines and planes in three-dimensional space; broaden their understanding of rates of change to include the derivatives of polynomial, sinusoidal, exponential, rational, and radical functions; and apply these concepts and skills to the modelling of real-world relationships. Students will also refine their use of the mathematical processes necessary for success in senior mathematics. This course is intended for students who choose to pursue careers in fields such as science, engineering, economics, and some areas of business, including those students who will be required to take a university-level calculus, linear algebra, or physics course.

RELIGIOUS STUDIES

HRE4M Religion and Culture 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

This course is directed toward the clear identification of religious moral principles and the concrete application of these principles in the lives of students. The course proceeds from foundational beliefs rooted in scripture to an exploration of the principles that shape religious life. In the Family Life Education strand, students explore a variety of topics related to the themes of personhood and interpersonal relationships. Special attention is given to the interaction between religion and culture. The modern world is characterized by a multiplicity of values, philosophies, and ideologies. In a democratic, pluralistic society, these concepts may creatively reinforce one another or they may compete with and contradict one another. Religious moral life involves following religious teachings, believing in God’s continuing involvement in human affairs, and striving to build exemplary homes and communities. This course is intended to prepare the senior student for this lifelong task.

SCIENCE

SBI4U Biology University Preparation 1 Credit

Prerequisite: Biology Grade 11,University Preparation
This course provides students with the opportunity for in-depth study of the concepts and processes that occur in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on the achievement of detailed knowledge and the refinement of skills needed for further study in various branches of the life sciences and related fields.
 
SCH4U Chemistry 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Chemistry, Grade 11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, the structure and properties of matter, energy changes and rates of reaction, equilibrium in chemical systems, and electrochemistry. Students will further develop their problem-solving and investigation skills as they investigate chemical processes, and will refine their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in everyday life and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.
 
SPH4U Physics 1 Credit

University Preparation

Prerequisite: Physics, Grade11, University Preparation

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of physics concepts and theories. Students will continue their exploration of energy transformations and the forces that affect motion, and will investigate electrical, gravitational, and magnetic fields and electromagnetic radiation. Students will also explore the wave nature of light, quantum mechanics, and special relativity. They will further develop their scientific investigation skills, learning, for example, how to analyse, qualitatively and quantitatively, data related to a variety of physics concepts and principles. Students will also consider the impact of technological applications of physics on society and the environment.

SOCIAL SCIENCES & HUMANITIES

HFA4M The Food & Nutrition Sciences 1 Credit

University/College Preparation

Prerequisite: Any university or university/college, or college preparation course in Canadian and World Studies, English, or Social Sciences and Humanities

This course examines various nutritional, psychological, social, cultural, and global factors that influence people’s food choices and customs. Students will learn about current Canadian and worldwide issues related to food, frameworks for making appropriate dietary choices, and food-preparation techniques. This course also refines students’ skills used in researching and investigating issues related to food and nutrition.

BUSINESS STUDIES

BOH4M Business Leadership 1 Credit

Prerequisite: None

This course focuses on the development of leadership skills used in managing a successful business. Students will analyse the role of a leader in business, with a focus on decision making, management of group dynamics, workplace stress and conflict, motivation of employees, and planning. Effective business communication skills, ethics, and social responsibility are also emphasized.